Facebooks $5 billion FTC fine is an embarrassing joke

Facebooks stock went up after news of a record-breaking $5 billion FTC fine for various privacy violations broke today.

That, as the New York Times Mike Isaac points out, is the real story here: the United States government spent months coming up with a punishment for Facebooks long list of privacy-related bad behavior, and the best it could do was so weak that Facebooks stock price went up.

From some other perspectives, that $5 billion fine is a big deal, of course: its the biggest fine in FTC history, far bigger than the $22 million fine levied against Google in 2012. And $5 billion is a lot of money, to be sure. Its just that like everything else that comes into contact with Facebooks scale, its still entirely too small: Facebook had $15 billion in revenue last quarter alone, and $22 billion in profit last year.

The largest FTC fine in the history of the country represents basically a month of Facebooks revenue, and the company did such a good job of telegraphing it to investors that the stock price went up.

Heres another way to say it: the biggest FTC fine in United States history increased Mark Zuckerbergs net worth.

What lesson would you learn from that? Would anyone?

Thats actually the real problem here: fines and punishments are only effective when they provide negative consequences for bad behavior. But Facebook has done nothing but behave badly from inception, and it has only ever been slapped on the wrist by authority figures and rewarded by the market. After all, Facebook was already under a previous FTC consent decree for privacy violations imposed in 2011, and that didnt seem to stop any of the companys recent scandals from happening. As Kara Swisher has written, you have to add another zero to this fine to make it mean anything.

"violate the law once, then violate it again after you're under a consent order at a mammoth scale, then violate it so many times that we all lose track of what's happening, & you'll get a proportionately modest fine & get to continue breaking things"– the FTC to SV today.

— Lindsey Barrett (@LAM_Barrett) July 12, 2019

There are other elements to the settlement, as Tony Romm at the Washington Post has reported: Facebook will have to document how it plans to use data before it launches new products, and execs like Zuckerberg will have to promise the company has protected user privacy. But none of these conditions will prevent Facebook from collecting and sharing data, and they certainly wont affect Facebooks insanely lucrative ad business, which relies upon that data.

And as Peter Kafka notes, regulatory compliance costs arent exactly a deterrent either: Facebook will pay the fine, eat the cost of a few more lawyers and PR people to ensure compliance with this new order, and carry on with the business of, uh, issuing a new worldwide currency while exposing underpaid contractors to horrifying videos of people being murdered for $15 an hour.

The FTC just gave Facebook a Christmas present five months early.

— David Cicilline (@davidcicilline)

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